Nemcsics Antal

Antal Nemcsics was born in Pápa. " As a young student I was amazed by the Maulbertsch – frescos of the Great Church. I admired the wonderful harmony of greens, blues and yellows. I noticed that these shades can be found in the colours of pillars, walls and braces. That was the moment when I decided to become a painter of churches.” As a teacher, scientific and fine arts activities,  his versatile life work summary, got a permanent exhibition in the palace in 2015.  
Biography of Antal Nemcsics

Born in Pápa on June 9, 1927. Parents: mathematics teacher Elek Nemcsics, music teacher,and a well known music composer, Mária Széptóth. He graduated in 1945 at Benedictine Grammar School of Pápa. He got his diploma in 1950 at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest. Dr. techn. in 1966 at Budapest Technical University. Candidate of Sciences in 1980, DSc in 1985 at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Wife: Magdolna Takács, painter artist, art teacher. Sons: Csongor, Ákos, Endre.
In all three areas of his life-work as a teacher, as scientist and as an artist he deals with colours.

Teaching activities: From 1951 on he is an instructor at the Budapest Technical University as assistant lecturer, senior lecturer, associate professor and then professor. Elaborates the subject matter of instruction for colour dynamics, writes the textbook related which has been translated to more languages and used in numerous universities of the world since.  Starts the post gradual education for colour dynamics engineers and colour dynamics experts. From 1987 on professor of the Art and Science International Academy of Colour.
Scientific activities: Creation of Coloroid Colour System, the Theory of Colour Dynamic Environment, the Index Number System of Colour Preference, the Theory of Complex Colour Harmony. The Library of Hungarian Scientific Works of the Hungarian Academy of Science keeps a record of his 24 books, more than 300 publications and 11 inventions. His books and publications are being published in addition to Budapest in London, New York, Toronto, Berlin, Paris, Zürich, Göttingen, Stockholm, Tokyo, Sydney, Singapore and many more places. He gives lectures at international conferences about his scientific achievements. He is elected as chairman,vice-president, member of different scientific organizations.

Artistic activities: His panel paintings deal with visual introduction of laws existing between colours and with the expression power of colours.  Numerous paintings have been posted in national and foreign museums. One of his paintings has been awarded in Italy with the International Giorgione Prize. For different public buildings he prepared murals, mosaics, ceramic pictures, colored glass windows. The documentation of his works made for churches is preserved in Biblioteca Vaticana. An important part of his activity consists of colour dynamic environment designs of city centres, townscape compositions, public buildings, industrial projects, housing estates, living-houses. He was awarded an international first prize for the colour dynamic design of Castle District of Buda. The central exhibition of 42th International Fine Art Biennale in Venice has exhibited his 12 high object named Colorium.

He has been honoured with the Small Cross of the Order of Merit of the Hungarian Republic in 1995 then with its Officer’ Cross in 2007. The District XVIII of Budapest has awarded him honorary citizenship in 1996. The exhibition depicting his life-work has been opened in 2015 at Esterházy Palace, Pápa.

A part of the radiating energy fulfilling the Universe is being intercepted by our eyes and transformed to colour sensation by our brain. Humans are capable to distinguish more, than millions of colours.  
Colours are carrying information about the Universe, about the material world and about people. Colours can not only trigger aesthetic experiences and emotions but influence our physiological parameters and psyche. Laws describing interrelations of colours are playing their roles not only in the field of arts but in shaping our environment more humane in the fields of industry, information technology and, among others in medical science as well.
Visitors of the exhibition may find out many interesting things about colour at the following places:

In 16 vitrines are located in the exhibition rooms, visitors can have a look at real documents, books and instruments of the life-work of colour dynamic research of Antal Nemcsics.

Visitors can get acquainted with colour space, colour composition laws, the effects of colour on humans through 4 touchscreens located in the exhibition rooms. They can interactively design harmonic compositions, may accomplish transformations between colour systems. (The touchscreen system is currently under implementation)  

Research room:
Researchers and people being interested more deeply in colours may get acquainted with more than a thousand documents, colour catalogues, colour atlases, realized colour dynamic designs, mosaic designs, secco designs, manuscripts of scientific achievements of Antal Nemcsics and of numerous foreign researchers in a room connected to the exhibition.  At the computer of the research room researches can get access to documents stored, even on CDs and DVDs and using special software they can execute operations in colour space.
Research room can be visited on previous appointment.


Castelfranco Veneto. The painting has been awarded with the International Giorgione Prize named after one of the greatest Italian painters. From among the juvenile paintings with natural principles of Antal Nemcsics you can see even another painting having received an international prize of paintings.

The Crucified. Plastic painting. The 13th station of the Way of the Cross made for a churce in a village.
You can see some stations of the Way of Cross created from ceramic elements or mosaic pieces made for different churches. Not exhibited plans of stations are contained in dossiers of the Research Room.

St. Stephen. The colored glass window. Made for the Roman Catholic Church of the town of Tata.
You can see plans of colored glass windows for different churches and genuine colour glass windows constructed with special technology.  Not exhibited plans are contained in dossiers of the Research Room.


Mineworkers. Mettlachi mosaic partitioned in concrete, set up at the Miners Holiday Home in the town of Fonyód.
You can see the colour carton of a part of the mosaic in original size and the maquette of the pillar containing the mosaic.
The plans of mosaics appearing on all four sides of the pillar are contained in dossiers of the Research Room.
Respect to the yellow, large sized acrylic painting. It expresses the axial order ruling the colour space. Saturations of colours created according to the laws of additive colour mixing constitute linear while their brightnesses constitute logarithmic scales.
Detailed description of conformity to the rules expressed by the picture, numeric values of sensed components of colours in the scale are contained in documents of the Research Room.
Gate of heaven. Large sized acrylic painting on birchwood sheet. It depicts the visions described in Dante’s Il Paradiso, which has been really proved only in our ages namely that three colours are sufficient to create a set consisting of more million colours. The documents related to psychophysical laws proving this are to be found on shelves of the Research Room.
Gate of Colour Country is the name of mobile operated by 100 electromotors. The mobile has been exhibited at the central exhibition of the 42th International Fine Arts Biennale in Venice devoted to „Arts and Science”.
You can see even more mobiles exhibited at international events in different countries.
On the shelves of the Research Room you can find documents you need to know if you want to create colours of most different sections of colour space with additive colour mixing.
The symbol of Coloroid Colour System is called Colorium. The experiments having formed the relationships of Coloroid colour system built on harmony thresholds, the manuscripts and documents describing interrelations with other colour systems and describing transformation equations you can find on the shelves of the Research Room.
The specialist textbook Colour Dynamics has been published in more languages e.g. in Budapest, London, Berlin, Zürich, Göttingen, Ottawa, New York, Tokyo, Sidney, Singapore. More universities are using it as their textbook. The documents about creating the principle of colour dynamic environment discussed in the textbook are also to be found in the Research Room.
On the shelves of the Research Room you can find documents of theory of colour design, of transformations between colour systems, colour preferences of different ages and people.
Colour dynamic design of the Castle District of Buda.
The design has been awarded with the first prize in an international competition in Germany participating designers of 23 countries.
At the exhibition you can have a look at the colour designs of Liszt Ferenc Airport, of Budapest Metro and of differen public buildings.


You can buy the publications of Antal Nemcsics in the Esterházy-castle of Pápa or order in email: You can find the list of the book in this document:   books